عنوان مقاله [English]
Bakhtiari tribe with its own history, culture and literature is one of the Iranian tribes in the central part of the middle area of Zagros. Understanding the literature and dialect of this civilization is important for considering the customs, cultural, political, social and religious elements of this ethnicity - in different means - and in terms of stylistic features.
The purpose of this study is to explain developments and factors influencing Bakhtiari's poetry. Considering the importance of this ethnic’s literature, Bakhtiari's poetry has been studied from the beginning according to the evolutionary course via the existing works of prominent poets; then, regarding the historical path, the post-constitutional changes have been identified and analyzed by examples. Then, we have discussed the features and factors of its segmentation. This research is a descriptive-analytical one and at the end of each period, tangible examples of poems are presented. The results have shown that Bakhtiari's poems were written in Bakhtiari dialect after the constitutional period and there was no written poem in Bakhtiari dialect previously. The literary history of this ethnicity, at the same time psychologically and simplicity, has made it attractive and enjoyable, and it has undergone a fundamental change after the Constitutional period under the influence of various factors, with a wide variety of subjects expressing varied cultural variables and components in this ethnicity.